Charles de Gaulle

Charles de Gaulle PDF Book Detail Author: Andrew Knapp
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000214958
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 456

Book Description
In this new biography, Andrew Knapp concisely dissects each of the major controversies surrounding General Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French during the Second World War and President of France from 1959 to 1969. From the beginning of de Gaulle’s military career in 1909 to an analysis of legacies and myths after his death in 1970, this study examines the path by which the French came to honour him as the greatest Frenchman of all time, and as the twentieth century’s pre-eminent world statesman. In each chapter, Knapp analyses de Gaulle’s participation in key events such as the development of France’s resistance against Nazi Germany, the decolonisation of Algeria, the birth of the French Fifth Republic, and the gigantic upheaval of May 1968. Simultaneously, this study questions de Gaulle’s actions and motives throughout his life. By exploring the justification of the contemporary ‘de Gaulle myth’, Knapp concludes by shedding new light on the influence of de Gaulle in the political culture of twenty-first-century France. Through careful analysis of primary sources as well as recent scholarship, this biography is an invaluable source for scholars and students of modern history, the history of France, political institutions, and international relations.

Gold Dollars and Power

Gold  Dollars  and Power PDF Book Detail Author: Francis J. Gavin
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807828236
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 263

Book Description
"Gavin demonstrates that Bretton Woods was in fact a highly politicized system that was prone to crisis and required constant intervention and controls to continue functioning. More important, postwar monetary relations were not a salve to political tensions, as is often contended.

General de Gaulle s Cold War

General de Gaulle s Cold War PDF Book Detail Author: Garret Joseph Martin
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782380167
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 282

Book Description
The greatest threat to the Western alliance in the 1960s did not come from an enemy, but from an ally. France, led by its mercurial leader General Charles de Gaulle, launched a global and comprehensive challenge to the United State's leadership of the Free World, tackling not only the political but also the military, economic, and monetary spheres. Successive American administrations fretted about de Gaulle, whom they viewed as an irresponsible nationalist at best and a threat to their presence in Europe at worst. Based on extensive international research, this book is an original analysis of France's ambitious grand strategy during the 1960s and why it eventually failed. De Gaulle's failed attempt to overcome the Cold War order reveals important insights about why the bipolar international system was able to survive for so long, and why the General's legacy remains significant to current French foreign policy.

The de Gaulle Presidency and the Media

The de Gaulle Presidency and the Media PDF Book Detail Author: J. Chalaby
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230554474
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248

Book Description
Is it true that de Gaulle kept journalists at a distance because he disliked the press? Or was the press really against him, as always claimed? How did he exploit his own charisma on radio and television? This book explores the relationship between de Gaulle and the media during his presidency. The author examines de Gaulle's communications strategy and broadcasting policy, comparing his approach to public communications with that of past French leaders and contemporary American presidents.

France and the Construction of Europe 1944 2007

France and the Construction of Europe  1944 2007 PDF Book Detail Author: Michael Sutton
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857452908
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 366

Book Description
In the second half of the twentieth century France played the greatest role - even greater than Germany’s - in shaping what eventually became the European Union. By the early twenty-first century, however, in a hugely transformed Europe, this era had patently come to an end. This comprehensive history shows how France coupled the pursuit of power and the furtherance of European integration over a sixty-year period, from the close of the Second World War to the hesitation caused by the French electorate’s referendum rejection of the European Union’s constitutional treaty in 2005.

France and the German Question 1945 1990

France and the German Question  1945   1990 PDF Book Detail Author: Frédéric Bozo
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1789202272
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 308

Book Description
In the immediate aftermath of World War Two, the victors were unable to agree on Germany’s fate, and the separation of the country—the result of the nascent Cold War—emerged as a de facto, if provisional, settlement. Yet East and West Germany would exist apart for half a century, making the "German question" a central foreign policy issue—and given the war-torn history between the two countries, this was felt no more keenly than in France. Drawing on the most recent historiography and previously untapped archival sources, this volume shows how France’s approach to the German question was, for the duration of the Cold War, both more constructive and consequential than has been previously acknowledged.

Charles De Gaulle and the Media

Charles De Gaulle and the Media PDF Book Detail Author: Riccardo Brizzi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319656422
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 309

Book Description
This book explores Charles De Gaulle's use and strict control of television between 1958 and 1969, highlighting the association between charismatic power and television with regards to legitimizing the Gaullist leadership and determining an evolution towards presidentialism during the Fifth Republic. A protagonist of European political history of the twentieth century, Charles de Gaulle was a pioneer in the use of mass media: in the Second World War he had earned the nickname of Général-micro due to his reliance on radio communication; in 1958 he then started an substantive and fruitful use of television, which some of his opponents labelled as ‘telecracy’. From difficult beginnings, where he followed the advice of publicity and communication experts, through his masterful TV appearances during the dramatic moments of the Algerian War, to the presidential campaign of 1965 and the crisis of May 1968, the author paints a compelling fresco of de Gaulle as the first TV leader in contemporary European history. The book will appeal to students and scholars interested in the fields of French politics, political communication and political leadership.

Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland und die europ ische Einigung 1949 2000

Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland und die europ  ische Einigung 1949 2000 PDF Book Detail Author: Mareike König
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 9783515084659
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 599

Book Description
Seit ihrer Grundung spielt die Bundesrepublik eine wichtige Rolle im historisch einmaligen Prozess der europaischen Einigung. Der Sammelband entwickelt eine moderne historische Perspektive auf die bundesdeutsche Europapolitik unter Berucksichtigung sowohl der handelnden Personlichkeiten als auch der gesellschaftlichen, kulturellen, okonomischen und internationalen Triebkrafte und Wandlungen. Nach einer Einfuhrung in die Trends und Kontroversen der Integrationshistoriographie behandeln 28 Beitrage von Historikern und Politologen die Europapolitik der Bundesregierungen von Adenauer bis zur Gegenwart, das Denken und Wirken deutscher Entscheidungstrager in Bonn, Berlin und Brussel sowie das Europabewusstsein ausgewahlter Bundesprasidenten. Im zweiten Teil geht es um gesellschaftliche Krafte und Aspekte wie Mentalitaten, Medien, Industrie und Landwirtschaft. Im dritten und vierten Teil werden Schlusselmomente wichtiger bilateraler Partnerschaften analysiert und die innerdeutschen Sonderbeziehungen von 1949 bis zur deutschen Einheit im Hinblick auf den Integrationsprozess untersucht. Abschliessend wird ein Blick auf die Entwicklung der europaischen Verfassung und das Wechselverhaltnis zwischen nationaler und europaischer Identitat geworfen. "... the collection is undoubtedly one of the most complete and wide-ranging historical examinations of the debates in the Federal Republic during the integration process. Its numerous contributions are both excellent and original." German History "Mareike Konigs und Matthias Schulzes Sammelband ist als eine gelungene Zusammenstellung zentraler ... Aspekte deutscher Europapolitik zu wurdigen. Insbesondere die Darstellung der DDR-Europapolitik gehort zu den Glanzlichtern des Bandes [...] so ist das Buch ein spannender Einstieg in viele geschichtswissenschaftlich relevante Fragen." H-Soz-u-Kult der "... informative Band, der insbesondere als Kompendium zu den europapolitischen Schwerpunkten der deutschen Bundeskanzler Einsatz in Studium und Lehre finden wird." Zeitschrift fur Politikwissenschaft

Grand Designs and Visions of Unity

Grand Designs and Visions of Unity PDF Book Detail Author: Jeffrey Glen Giauque
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807860174
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 344

Book Description
In the late 1950s, against the unfolding backdrop of the Cold War, American and European leaders began working to reshape Western Europe. They sought to adapt the region to a changing world in which European empires were rapidly disintegrating, Soviet influence was spreading, and the United States could no longer shoulder the entire political and economic burden of the West yet hesitated to share it with Europe. Focusing on the four largest Atlantic powers--Britain, France, Germany, and the United States--Jeffrey Giauque explores these early stages of European integration. Giauque uses evidence from newly opened international archives to show how a mix of cooperation and collaboration shaped efforts to unify postwar Europe. He examines the "grand designs" each country developed to advance its own interests, specific plans for collaboration or accord, and the reactions of the other Atlantic powers to these proposals. Competing national interests not only derailed many otherwise sound plans for European unity, Giauque says, but also influenced such nascent European institutions as the Common Market, the antecedent of today's European Union. Indeed, beyond examining the origins of the European community, this comparative study provides insight into national attitudes and aspirations that continue to shape European and American policies today.

Visions of the End of the Cold War in Europe 1945 1990

Visions of the End of the Cold War in Europe  1945 1990 PDF Book Detail Author: Frédéric Bozo
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857452886
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 358

Book Description
Exploring the visions of the end of the Cold War that have been put forth since its inception until its actual ending, this volume brings to the fore the reflections, programmes, and strategies that were intended to call into question the bipolar system and replace it with alternative approaches or concepts. These visions were associated not only with prominent individuals, organized groups and civil societies, but were also connected to specific historical processes or events. They ranged from actual, thoroughly conceived programmes, to more blurred, utopian aspirations - or simply the belief that the Cold War had already, in effect, come to an end. Such visions reveal much about the contexts in which they were developed and shed light on crucial moments and phases of the Cold War.

A Diplomatic Revolution

A Diplomatic Revolution PDF Book Detail Author: Matthew James Connelly
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195145135
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 400

Book Description
Algeria sits at the crossroads of the Atlantic, European, Arab, and African worlds. Yet, unlike the wars in Korea and Vietnam, Algeria's fight for independence has rarely been viewed as an international conflict. Even forty years later, it is remembered as the scene of a national drama that culminated with Charles de Gaulle's decision to "grant" Algerians their independence despite assassination attempts, mutinies, and settler insurrection. Yet, as Matthew Connelly demonstrates, the war the Algerians fought occupied a world stage, one in which the U.S. and the USSR, Israel and Egypt, Great Britain, Germany, and China all played key roles. Recognizing the futility of confronting France in a purely military struggle, the Front de Lib�ration Nationale instead sought to exploit the Cold War competition and regional rivalries, the spread of mass communications and emigrant communities, and the proliferation of international and non-governmental organizations. By harnessing the forces of nascent globalization they divided France internally and isolated it from the world community. And, by winning rights and recognition as Algeria's legitimate rulers without actually liberating the national territory, they rewrote the rules of international relations. Based on research spanning three continents and including, for the first time, the rebels' own archives, this study offers a landmark reevaluation of one of the great anti-colonial struggles as well as a model of the new international history. It will appeal to historians of post-colonial studies, twentieth-century diplomacy, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. A Diplomatic Revolution was winner of the 2003 Stuart L. Bernath Prize of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, and the Akira Iriye International History Book Award, The Foundation for Pacific Quest.

The Fifth French Republic

The Fifth French Republic PDF Book Detail Author: Nicholas Atkin
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0230801846
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 260

Book Description
At the time of its founding, few predicted that the Fifth Republic would survive. It is a regime whose obituary has been written several times over, but which stubbornly refuses to die. Adopting a chronological framework, this up-to-date study examines how the regime emerged out of the chaos of the Algerian crisis, how its political evolution has been very different from that envisaged by de Gaulle, and why it has endured. Nicholas Atkin explains the success of the Fifth Republic but likewise illustrates the underlying problems within it. As the 2002 presidential elections have shown, although there is little prospect of regime change, liberal democracy is not in a particularly healthy state. While the political narrative takes centre stage, Atkin also explores the key social, economic and international developments which have shaped the modern history of France and affected its standing both in Europe and the rest of the world.

The Passage to Europe

The Passage to Europe PDF Book Detail Author: Luuk van Middelaar
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300181124
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 372

Book Description
Provides the untold story of the crises and compromises that lead to the formation of the European Union.

Rethinking Political Institutions

Rethinking Political Institutions PDF Book Detail Author: Ian Shapiro
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 081474026X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 346

Book Description
Institutions shape every dimension of politics. This volume collects original essays on how such institutions are formed, operated, and changed, both in theory and in practice. Ranging across formal institutions of government such as legislatures, courts, and bureaucracies and intermediary institutions such as labor unions and party systems, the contributors show how these instruments of control give shape to the state, articulate its relationships, and express its legitimacy. Rethinking Political Institutions captures the state of the art in the study of the art of the state. Drawing on some of the leading scholars in the field, this volume includes essays on issues of social power, public policy and programs, judicial review, and cross-national institutions. Rethinking Political Institutions is an essential addition to the debate on the significance of political institutions, in light of democracy, social change and power. Contributors: Elisabeth S. Clemens, Jon Elster, John Ferejohn, Terry M. Moe, Claus Offe, Paul Pierson, Ulrich K. Preuss, Rogers M. Smith, Kathleen Thelen, Mark Tushnet, R. Kent Weaver, Margaret Weir, Keith E. Whittington

In the Shadow of the General

In the Shadow of the General PDF Book Detail Author: Sudhir Hazareesingh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195308883
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 238

Book Description
The French writer Francois Mauriac once predicted that "when de Gaulle will be here no longer, he will still be here." This insight has proved prophetic. In contemporary France, Charles de Gaulle has become a figure of legend, consistently acclaimed as the nation's pre-eminent "historical" figure. Central to this popularity is the recognition of his pivotal role as the founder, and then the leader, of the Resistance movement during the Second World War. Once might be tempted to conclude that it is the man who became mythical, not the institutions he created. But here, the paradoxes abound. For one thing, his personal popularity sits oddly with his social origins and professional background. Neither the nobility, nor the Catholic Church, nor the Army is particularly well-regarded in France today: in their different ways, they all symbolize antiquated traditions and values. So why, then, do the French nonetheless identify with, celebrate, and even revere this austere and devout nobleman, who remained closely wedded to military values throughout his life? In the Shadow of the General resolves this mystery and explains how de Gaulle has to come occupy such a privileged position in the French imagination. Sudhir Hazareesingh's story of how an individual life transformed into national myth also tells a great deal about the French collective self in the twenty-first century: its fractured memory, its aspirations to greatness, and its manifold anxieties. Alongside the tale of de Gaulle's legacy, a much broader narrative unfolds: the story of modern France.