Conflits des interpr tations dans la soci t de l information thique et politique de l environnement Trait des sciences et techniques de l information

Conflits des interpr  tations dans la soci  t   de l information     thique et politique de l environnement  Trait   des sciences et techniques de l information  PDF Book Detail Author: CHARDEL Pierre-Antoine
Publisher: Lavoisier
ISBN: 2746282879
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 292

Book Description
La montée des préoccupations environnementales coïncide avec la facilité d'accès à des éléments de connaissance qui sont censés favoriser une perception plus aiguë des problématiques écologiques. Or, cela ne suffit pas à générer des comportements plus responsables envers la nature et les générations à venir. Il est nécessaire de reconsidérer la question environnementale à l'heure de nouvelles médiations informationnelles pour pouvoir composer un monde commun avec une pluralité de régimes d'attention. Les analyses transdisciplinaires qui composent cet ouvrage abordent ensemble les conflits interprétatifs relatifs aux problèmes environnementaux et les environnements médiatiques, dans toute leur hétérogénéité et leur nouveauté. L'analyse de l'exposition des subjectivités individuelles et collectives aux flux informationnels permet ici de mieux comprendre ce que serait une gouvernance réflexive. Conflits des interprétations dans la société de l'information permet de répondre adéquatement à une éthique et une politique de l'environnement.

Process Engineering Renewal 3

Process Engineering Renewal 3 PDF Book Detail Author: Éric Schaer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111975125X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 380

Book Description
Process engineering emerged at the beginning of the 20th Century and has become an essential scientific discipline for the matter and energy processing industries. Its success is incontrovertible, with the exponential increase in techniques and innovations. Rapid advances in new technologies such as artificial intelligence, as well as current societal needs – sustainable development, climate change, renewable energy, the environment – are developments that must be taken into account in industrial renewal. Process Engineering Renewal 3 presents a prospective analysis that demonstrates the significant disruptions linked to sustainable development, global warming, etc. These constraints may trigger changes in the social regulation system, which in turn applies pressure on actors of process engineering to evolve and adapt to these developments.

Humanity What a Story

Humanity  What a Story  PDF Book Detail Author: Boris Alexandre Spasov
Publisher: Arcalis
ISBN: 2955484660
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 62

Book Description
“The world that we leave to our children will depend on the children we leave to our world.” - FEDERICO MAYOR, former President of Unesco Study of the effect of Man’s activities on the environment is not exclusive to contemporary societies. It has been pondered upon by human minds since thought and philosophy have endeavoured to help him to reach his ideal. The quotations found throughout this book are a perfect illustration of this. The state of affairs that Boris Spasov portrays of our society may seem excessive at times, but if we look carefully, is it not actually closer to reality than we want to see or accept? Has technological evolution perhaps perverted the free will and intellectual autonomy of Man by making available to him “ready made thoughts”? In Humanity, What a Story, Boris Spasov walks us through our history to understand today's society. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Boris Alexandre Spasov graduated from the Center for Diplomatic and Strategic Studies in Paris, he was Deputy Director for Radio Caraïbes Internationale for several years. Man of the people, far from the safe comfortable ideologies and popular thinking, this book is his passionate plea for the future of humanity. EXCERPT The universe is not an organised or structured place, but neither is it uncertain, nor subject to chance or chaos. It seems reasonable to say that chaos and chance are each states of structured confusion pre-dating a certain “order”; where chaos and order are intertwined. To generate matter and its atomic mass, where complex molecules become DNA, not only must one have compatible links and an appropriate cement, but there must also be an architect, an administrator, a universal conscience, capable of making use of the tools and materials available. Then, once at maturity, one must delegate evolution to individual consciences in order to expand and diversify the creation. The synthesis reduces this to three main entities: the divine, the cosmos, and of course Man. It is from the cosmos that the human adventure takes its essence and sense, in an agenda that eludes us still. Myths, legends and religions have repeatedly pondered upon the genesis of creation. Philosophers and scientists continue to do so today in the search for results that little by little, will allow us to understand the reality to which we are subject. It suffices to penetrate to the heart of the creation of matter; the number of possible combinations, associated with the luck factor is resumed by the words of Hubert Reeves in his book Stardust: “If you were to put a monkey in front of a typewriter, the probability of the appearance of life on earth would be less than that of seeing the monkey write the complete works of Shakespeare.”

Uncertain Futures

Uncertain Futures PDF Book Detail Author: Jens Beckert
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192552740
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 368

Book Description
Uncertain Futures considers how economic actors visualize the future and decide how to act in conditions of radical uncertainty. It starts from the premise that dynamic capitalist economies are characterized by relentless innovation and novelty and hence exhibit an indeterminacy that cannot be reduced to measurable risk. The organizing question then becomes how economic actors form expectations and make decisions despite the uncertainty they face. This edited volume lays the foundations for a new model of economic reasoning by showing how, in conditions of uncertainty, economic actors combine calculation with imaginaries and narratives to form fictional expectations that coordinate action and provide the confidence to act. It draws on groundbreaking research in economic sociology, economics, anthropology, and psychology to present theoretically grounded empirical case studies. These demonstrate how grand narratives, central bank forward guidance, economic forecasts, finance models, business plans, visions of technological futures, and new era stories influence behaviour and become instruments of power in markets and societies. The market impact of shared calculative devices, social narratives, and contingent imaginaries underlines the rationale for a new form of narrative economics.

Human and organizational factors of safety state of the art

Human and organizational factors of safety  state of the art PDF Book Detail Author: François Daniellou
Publisher: FonCSI
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 119

Book Description
This document provides a state of the art of knowledge concerning the human and organizational factors of industrial safety. It shows that integrating human factors in safety policy and practice requires that new knowledge from the social sciences (in particular ergnomics, psychology and sociology) be taken on board and linked to operational concerns.

Statistical Mapping and Digital Approaches in Healthcare

Statistical  Mapping and Digital Approaches in Healthcare PDF Book Detail Author: Gilles Maignant
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081019629
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 168

Book Description
Statistical, Mapping and Digital Approaches in Healthcare addresses all health territories, starting from the analysis of geographical data (health data, population data, health data systems and environmental data), to new health areas (Health 3.0), i.e. digital health territories. Specific tools are used to question environmental changes, such as health statistics, mapping, mathematical models, optimization models and serious games. Uniquely combines the approaches of mathematicians, geographers and physician to the analysis of health territories Presents views that are based on an interdisciplinary framework, proposing a new look on health Ideal for both clinicians and policymakers

Disordered World

Disordered World PDF Book Detail Author: Amin Maalouf
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1408815982
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256

Book Description
Tranlsated from the French by George Miller A dazzling and ultimately hopeful exploration and analysis of our disordered and volatile post-9/11 world by one of the leading international writers and thinkers of our times.

Coviability of Social and Ecological Systems Reconnecting Mankind to the Biosphere in an Era of Global Change

Coviability of Social and Ecological Systems  Reconnecting Mankind to the Biosphere in an Era of Global Change PDF Book Detail Author: Olivier Barrière
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319784978
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 728

Book Description
This book considers the principle of ‘sustainable development’ which is currently facing a growing environmental crisis. A new mode of thinking and positioning the ecological imperative is the major input of this volume. The prism of co-viability is not the economics of political agencies that carry the ideology of the dominant/conventional economic schools, but rather an opening of innovation perspectives through science. This volume, through its four parts, more than 40 chapters and a hundred authors, gives birth to a paradigm which crystallizes within a concept that will support in overcoming the ecological emergency deadlock.

Decision Making and Action

Decision Making and Action PDF Book Detail Author: Jean-Charles Pomerol
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118588061
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 256

Book Description
Making a decision, of any importance, is never simple. On the one hand, specialists in decision theory do not come within the reach of most policy makers and, secondly, there are very few books on pragmatic decision that are not purely anecdotal. In addition, there is virtually no book that provides a link between decision-making and action. This book provides a bridge between the latest results in artificial intelligence, neurobiology, psychology and decision-making for action. What is the role of intuition or emotion? What are the main psychological biases of which we must be wary? How can we avoid being manipulated? What is the proper use of planning? How can we remain rational even if one is not an expert in probabilities? Perhaps more importantly for managers, how does one go from decision to action? So many questions fundamental to the practice of decision-making are addressed. This book dissects all issues that arise almost daily for decision-makers, at least for major decisions. Drawing on numerous examples, this book answers, in plain language and imagery, all your questions. The final chapter takes the form of a brief reminder - everything you have to remember to be a good decision-maker.

D cision et Action

D  cision et Action PDF Book Detail Author: POMEROL Jean-Charles
Publisher: Lavoisier
ISBN: 274628894X
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 332

Book Description
Quelle que soit l’importance de la décision, l’hésitation peut paralyser l’action. S’intéressant à la décision pour l’action, le décideur est alors, soit confronté aux théoriciens qui ne se mettent pas à sa portée, soit renvoyé à des études de cas trop souvent anecdotiques. Ce livre établit un lien entre la décision, l’action et les théories récentes de l’intelligence artificielle, de la neurobiologie et de la psychologie. Quels sont les principaux comportements psychologiques dont il faut se méfier ? Quel est le rôle de l’intuition ou de l’émotion ? Comment éviter la manipulation ? Quel est le bon usage de la planification ? Comment rester rationnel sans être un expert des probabilités ? Comment passer de la décision à l’action ? Illustré par de nombreux exemples, cet ouvrage répond, dans un langage simple et didactique, aux interrogations des managers.

Development and Use of Compact Instruments for Tropospheric Investigations Based on Optical Spectroscopy from Mobile Platforms

Development and Use of Compact Instruments for Tropospheric Investigations Based on Optical Spectroscopy from Mobile Platforms PDF Book Detail Author: Alexis Merlaud
Publisher: Presses univ. de Louvain
ISBN: 2875581287
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224

Book Description
This thesis presents the development of four different remote-sensing instruments dedicated to atmospheric research and their use in field campaigns between 2008 and 2012. The instruments are based on uv-visible spectrometers and installed respectively on a scientific aircraft, ultralight aircraft, and cars. One of the instruments is targeted to operate from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) technique is used to quantify the molecular absorption in the spectra of scattered sky light. These absorptions are then interpreted by modeling the transfer of radiation in the atmosphere. Airborne platforms enable new measurement geometries, leading for instance to a high sensitivity in the free troposphere. On the other hand, a miniaturization effort is required, especially for the instruments onboard ultralight aircraft and UAV. Reaching the limited size, weight, and power consumption is possible through the use of compact spectrometers and computers, together with custom built electronics circuits and housings. A common target of the different experiments is to quantify tropospheric nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Regarding this trace gas, the developed instruments provide complementary findings, such as the vertical distribution in the pristine Arctic or the levels in the exhaust plumes of large cities like Riyadh. Car-borne measurements in North-West Europe reveal the horizontal gradients of surface NO2 at various scales. The UAV payload is intended to produce high spatial resolution maps of tropospheric NO2 columns.

The Black Swan Second Edition

The Black Swan  Second Edition PDF Book Detail Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0679604189
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 480

Book Description
The most influential book of the past seventy-five years: a groundbreaking exploration of everything we know about what we don’t know, now with a new section called “On Robustness and Fragility.” A black swan is a highly improbable event with three principal characteristics: It is unpredictable; it carries a massive impact; and, after the fact, we concoct an explanation that makes it appear less random, and more predictable, than it was. The astonishing success of Google was a black swan; so was 9/11. For Nassim Nicholas Taleb, black swans underlie almost everything about our world, from the rise of religions to events in our own personal lives. Why do we not acknowledge the phenomenon of black swans until after they occur? Part of the answer, according to Taleb, is that humans are hardwired to learn specifics when they should be focused on generalities. We concentrate on things we already know and time and time again fail to take into consideration what we don’t know. We are, therefore, unable to truly estimate opportunities, too vulnerable to the impulse to simplify, narrate, and categorize, and not open enough to rewarding those who can imagine the “impossible.” For years, Taleb has studied how we fool ourselves into thinking we know more than we actually do. We restrict our thinking to the irrelevant and inconsequential, while large events continue to surprise us and shape our world. In this revelatory book, Taleb will change the way you look at the world, and this second edition features a new philosophical and empirical essay, “On Robustness and Fragility,” which offers tools to navigate and exploit a Black Swan world. Taleb is a vastly entertaining writer, with wit, irreverence, and unusual stories to tell. He has a polymathic command of subjects ranging from cognitive science to business to probability theory. Elegant, startling, and universal in its applications, The Black Swan is a landmark book—itself a black swan.