Mediarchy

Mediarchy PDF Book Detail Author: Yves Citton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509533419
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 308

Book Description
We think that we live in democracies: in fact, we live in mediarchies. Our political regimes are based less on nations or citizens than on audiences shaped by the media. We assume that our social and political destinies are shaped by the will of the people without realizing that ‘the people’ are always produced, both as individuals and as aggregates, by the media: we are all embedded in mediated publics, ‘intra-structured’ by the apparatuses of communication that govern our interactions. In this major book, Yves Citton maps out the new regime of experience, media and power that he designates by the term ‘mediarchy’. To understand mediarchy, we need to look both at the effects that the media have on us and also at the new forms of being and experience that they induce in us. We can never entirely escape from the effects of the mediarchies that operate through us but by becoming more aware of their conditioning, we can develop the new forms of political analysis and practice which are essential if we are to rise to the unprecedented challenges of our time. This comprehensive and far-reaching book will be essential reading for students and scholars in media and communications, politics and sociology, and it will be of great interest to anyone concerned about the multiple and complex ways that the media – from newspapers and TV to social media and the internet – shape our social, political and personal lives today.

G nther Anders Philosophy of Technology

G  nther Anders    Philosophy of Technology PDF Book Detail Author: Babette Babich
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350228605
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 320

Book Description
Gunter Anders' Philosophy of Technology is the first comprehensive exploration of the ground-breaking work of German thinker Gunter Anders. Anders' philosophy has become increasingly prescient in our digitised, technological age as his work predicts the prevalence of social media, ubiquitous surveillance and the turn to big data. Anders' ouevre also explored the technologies of nuclear power and the biotech concerns for the human and transhuman condition which have become so central to current theory. Babette Babich argues that Anders offers important resources on streaming digital media through his writings on radio, television and film and is, unusually, both a comprehensive and profound thinker. Anders' relationship with key philosophers like Hannah Arendt and Walter Benjamin and his thinking on Goethe, Nietzsche and Rilke is also explored with a focus on the deep impact he made on his peers. It reflects specifically on the intersection of Anders' thought Heidegger and the Frankfurt school and how influential a figure he was on the landscape of 20th century philosophy. A compelling rehabilitation of a thinker with profound contemporary relevance.

The Unconstructable Earth

The Unconstructable Earth PDF Book Detail Author: Frédéric Neyrat
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
ISBN: 0823282597
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256

Book Description
Winner, Grand Prize, French Voices Award for Excellence in Publication and Translation The Space Age is over? Not at all! A new planet has appeared: Earth. In the age of the Anthropocene, the Earth is a post-natural planet that can be remade at will, controlled and managed thanks to the prowess of geoengineering. This new imaginary is also accompanied by a new kind of power—geopower—that takes the entire Earth, in its social, biological and geophysical dimensions, as an object of knowledge, intervention, and governmentality. In short, our rising awareness that we have destroyed our planet has simultaneously provided us not with remorse or resolve but with a new fantasy: that the Anthropocene delivers an opportunity to remake our terrestrial environment thanks to the power of technology. Such is the position we find ourselves in, when proposals for reengineering the earth’s ecosystems and geosystems are taken as the only politically feasible answer to ecological catastrophe. Yet far from being merely the fruit of geo-capitalism, this new grand narrative of geopower has also been activated by theorists of the constructivist turn—ecomodernist, postenvironmentalist, accelerationist—who have likewise called into question the great divide between nature and culture. With the collapse of this divide, a cyborg, hybrid, flexible nature has been built, an impoverished nature that does not exist without being performed by technologies that proliferate within the space of human needs and capitalist imperatives. Underneath this performative vision resides a hidden anaturalism denying all otherness to nature and the Earth, no longer by externalizing it as a thing to be dominated, but by radically internalizing it as something to be digested. Constructivist ecology thus finds itself in no position to confront the geoconstructivist project, with its claim that there is no nature and its aim to replace Earth with Earth 2.0. Against both positions, Neyrat stakes out the importance of the unconstructable Earth. Against the fusional myth of technology over nature, but without returning to the division between nature and culture, he proposes an “ecology of separation” that acknowledges the wild, subtractive capacity of nature. Against the capitalist, technocratic delusion of earth as a constructible object, but equally against an organicism marked by unacknowledged traces of racism and sexism, Neyrat shows what it means to appreciate Earth as an unsubstitutable becoming: a traject that cannot be replicated in a laboratory. Underway for billions of years, withdrawing into the most distant past and the most inaccessible future, Earth escapes the hubris of all who would remake and master it. This remarkable book, which will be of interest to those across the humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences, from theorists to shapers of policy, recasts the earth as a singular trajectory that invites humans to turn political ecology into a geopolitics.

Field Philosophy and Other Experiments

Field Philosophy and Other Experiments PDF Book Detail Author: Brett Buchanan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000347001
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 144

Book Description
This agenda-setting collection argues for the importance of fieldwork for philosophy and provides reflections on methods for such ‘field philosophy’ from the interdisciplinary vantage point of the environmental humanities. Field philosophy has emerged from multiple sources – including approaches focused on public and participatory research – and others focused on ethology, multispecies studies, and the environmental humanities more broadly. These approaches have yet to enter the mainstream of the discipline, however, and ‘field philosophy’ remains an open and uncharted terrain for philosophical pursuits. This book brings together leading and emerging philosophers who have engaged in critical and constructive forms of fieldwork, for some over decades, and who, through these articles, demonstrate new possibilities and new experiments for philosophical practices. This collection will be of interest to scholars working across the disciplines of continental philosophy, environmental humanities, science and technology studies, animal studies, cultural anthropology, art, and more. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Parallax.

A Time to Die

A Time to Die PDF Book Detail Author: Nicolas Diat
Publisher: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 1621642747
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 176

Book Description
Behind monastery walls, men of God spend their lives preparing for the passage of death. Best-selling French author Nicolas Diat set out to find what their deaths can reveal about the greatest mystery faced by everyone—the end of life. How to die? How to respond to our fear of death? To answer these and other questions, Diat travelled to eight European monasteries including Solesmes Abbey and the Grande Chartreuse. Through extraordinary interviews with monks, he learned that their death experiences are varied and unique, with elements of peace, pain, humility, sorrow, and joy. These monks have the same fears, torments, and sorrows as everyone else, Diat discovered. What is exemplary about them is their humility and simplicity. When death approaches, and its hand reveals its strength, they are like happy and naïve children who wait with impatience to open a gift. They have complete confidence in the mercy of God.

Apocalypse of Truth

Apocalypse of Truth PDF Book Detail Author: Jean Vioulac
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022676673X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 210

Book Description
We inhabit a time of crisis—totalitarianism, environmental collapse, and the unquestioned rule of neoliberal capitalism. Philosopher Jean Vioulac is invested in and worried by all of this, but his main concern lies with how these phenomena all represent a crisis within—and a threat to—thinking itself. In his first book to be translated into English, Vioulac radicalizes Heidegger’s understanding of truth as disclosure through the notion of truth as apocalypse. This “apocalypse of truth” works as an unveiling that reveals both the finitude and mystery of truth, allowing a full confrontation with truth-as-absence. Engaging with Heidegger, Marx, and St. Paul, as well as contemporary figures including Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, and Slavoj Žižek, Vioulac’s book presents a subtle, masterful exposition of his analysis before culminating in a powerful vision of “the abyss of the deity.” Here, Vioulac articulates a portrait of Christianity as a religion of mourning, waiting for a god who has already passed by, a form of ever-present eschatology whose end has always already taken place. With a preface by Jean-Luc Marion, Apocalypse of Truth presents a major contemporary French thinker to English-speaking audiences for the first time.

Vid osurveillance et d tection automatique des comportements anormaux

Vid  osurveillance et d  tection automatique des comportements anormaux PDF Book Detail Author: Jean-Jacques Lavenue
Publisher: Presses Univ. Septentrion
ISBN: 2757402145
Category : Deviant behavior
Languages : en
Pages : 294

Book Description
La vidéosurveillance fait désormais partie des outils utilisés dans les politiques sécuritaires. Les récentes évolutions techniques rendent son usage de plus en plus intrusif dans la vie privée mais aussi dans l'espace public. Cet ouvrage explore une dimension encore inédite de la vidéosurveillance. Elle réside dans le caractère automatique de la détection des "comportements anormaux" dans l'espace public. L'anormalité est un enjeu fondamental dans la définition de la citoyenneté, en établissant une frontière entre ce qui est jugé acceptable et ce qui doit être réprimé. Or, des projets de recherches appliqués récents tentent de coupler l'usage de la vidéosurveillance avec une évaluation automatique de l'anormalité. Désormais, les algorithmes contribuent à définir ces comportements anormaux et donc, dessinent les figures de l'anormal. L'automaticité modifie considérablement les capacités d'appréciation de la normalité, jusqu'ici de la compétence du juge et des pouvoirs publics. La convergence des techniques (vidéo, base de données informatiques...) contribue à modifier profondément les frontières de l'espace public et, par conséquent, de l'espace démocratique. L'ouvrage présente les débats interdisciplinaires qui ont eu lieu à l'occasion d'une application technique actuellement en cours. S'interroger sur ce qu'est un comportement anormal permet de rappeler les modalités d'élaboration de la normalité dans une démocratie.

Law Norms and Freedoms in Cyberspace Droit normes et libert s dans le cybermonde

Law  Norms and Freedoms in Cyberspace   Droit  normes et libert  s dans le cybermonde PDF Book Detail Author: Cécile de Terwangne
Publisher: Éditions Larcier
ISBN: 2807906257
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 800

Book Description
Professeur, chercheur, directeur de centre, doyen et recteur, Yves Poullet s’est illustré dans toutes les étapes et fonctions d’une carrière universitaire bien remplie, marquant des générations d’étudiants, de chercheurs, de collègues et de pairs. Spécialiste éminent et incontournable du droit de l’internet et des technologies de l’information et de la communication, il en est aussi l'un des précurseurs en fondant dès 1979 un des premiers centres de recherche européens en la matière. Par cet ouvrage, collègues, amis, anciens doctorants rendent hommage à l’une des plus belles plumes de la discipline, en lui offrant leurs réflexions sur l’influence réciproque du droit et de la technologie. Leurs contributions démontrent l’étendue de l’expertise et des réseaux européens et internationaux d’Yves Poullet. Elles s’articulent autour de trois axes qui furent autant de perspectives dans lesquelles il a inscrit sa recherche : le droit, les normes et les libertés. La richesse de ce volume témoigne de son attention à l’humain, des amitiés qu’il a nouées, mais aussi des sillons qu’il a tracés en droit des technologies de l’information et de la communication, sillons dans lesquels a poussé une forêt luxuriante, toujours fertile. C’est l’héritage d’un grand penseur, d’un véritable universitaire. =========== Yves Poullet has not merely served but excelled in all functions of the University world. Whether as professor, researcher, director of a research centre or as dean and rector, he has left a lasting impression in the minds of generations of students, researchers, colleagues and peers. He is a preeminent expert on the law of Internet and Information and Communications Technologies who, already in 1979, pioneered one of the first European research centres in the field. This volume is a tribute to Yves Poullet from colleagues, friends, former PhD researchers, offering their reflections on the reciprocal influence of law and technology. These contributions highlight both the range of expertise and the extent of the European and international networks he has nourished. They address the three main research axes Yves Poullet has developed through the years: law, norms and freedoms. The authors of this volume pay homage to a mentor, a friend, but above all to an exceptional researcher who has sown countless seeds in the field, enabling a luxurious landscape to grow and become a source of inspiration for many scholars. This is the heritage of a genuine thinker, a real academic.

Utopia and Utopianism in the Contemporary Chinese Context

Utopia and Utopianism in the Contemporary Chinese Context PDF Book Detail Author: David Der-wei Wang
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 988852836X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 244

Book Description
Utopia and Utopianism in the Contemporary Chinese Context: Texts, Ideas, Spaces decisively demonstrates the extent to which utopianism has shaped political thought, cultural imaginaries, and social engagement after it was introduced into the Chinese context in the nineteenth century. In fact, pursuit of utopia has often led to action—such as the Chinese Revolution and the Umbrella Movement—and contested consequences. Covering a time span that goes from the late Qing to our days, the authors show that few ideas have been as influencing as utopia, which has compellingly shaped the imaginaries that underpin China’s historical change. Utopianism contributed to the formation of the Chinese state itself—shaping the thought of key figures of the late Qing and early Republican eras such as Kang Youwei and Sun Yat-sen—and outlived the labyrinthine debates of the second half of the twentieth century, both under Mao’s rule and during the post-socialist era. Even in the current times of dystopian narratives, a period in which utopia seems to be less influential than in the past, its manifestations persistently provide lifelines against fatalism or cynicism. This collection shows how profoundly utopian ideas have nurtured both the thought of crucial figures during these historical times, the new generation of mainland Chinese and Sinophone intellectuals, and the hopes of twenty-first-century Hong Kong activists. “Wang, Leung, and Zhang’s collection is a timely contribution to utopian studies built on consistent, coherent, boundary-crossing approaches. Interdisciplinary in its very sense, the essays bring intellectual history, literary studies, philosophy, and political theories together in dialogue. Of particular note are the essays that situate Hong Kong in a literary tradition that connects China, Hong Kong, and the beyond.” —Mingwei Song, Wellesley College “Utopia and Utopianism in the Contemporary Chinese Context is an impressive intellectual undertaking. The essays are highly engaging and offer powerful, multi-faceted approaches to utopianism in contemporary Chinese thought and practice. Stimulating and informative, the book as a whole addresses the dynamic interplay between the utopian and dystopian, thereby inspiring clarity in political thought and action in the present moment.” —Robin Visser, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Conflits des interpr tations dans la soci t de l information thique et politique de l environnement Trait des sciences et techniques de l information

Conflits des interpr  tations dans la soci  t   de l information     thique et politique de l environnement  Trait   des sciences et techniques de l information  PDF Book Detail Author: CHARDEL Pierre-Antoine
Publisher: Lavoisier
ISBN: 2746282879
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 292

Book Description
La montée des préoccupations environnementales coïncide avec la facilité d'accès à des éléments de connaissance qui sont censés favoriser une perception plus aiguë des problématiques écologiques. Or, cela ne suffit pas à générer des comportements plus responsables envers la nature et les générations à venir. Il est nécessaire de reconsidérer la question environnementale à l'heure de nouvelles médiations informationnelles pour pouvoir composer un monde commun avec une pluralité de régimes d'attention. Les analyses transdisciplinaires qui composent cet ouvrage abordent ensemble les conflits interprétatifs relatifs aux problèmes environnementaux et les environnements médiatiques, dans toute leur hétérogénéité et leur nouveauté. L'analyse de l'exposition des subjectivités individuelles et collectives aux flux informationnels permet ici de mieux comprendre ce que serait une gouvernance réflexive. Conflits des interprétations dans la société de l'information permet de répondre adéquatement à une éthique et une politique de l'environnement.

Avoirs d mat rialis s et ex cution forc e Digital Assets and Enforcement

Avoirs d  mat  rialis  s et ex  cution forc  e   Digital Assets and Enforcement PDF Book Detail Author: Marc Schmitz
Publisher: Bruylant
ISBN: 2802765876
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 208

Book Description
On 17 December 2009, the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice of the Council of Europe adopted the Guidelines for a better implementation of the existing recommendation of the Council of Europe on enforcement. These principles aim to guarantee to all the access to an enforcement agent and a quality enforcement in the respect of the fundamental rights of the litigants. In the first part of the book, reference is made to the genesis of the CEPEJ Guidelines on Enforcement as well as to its state of application in the various Council of Europe Member States. The second part of the book deals with the problem of the evolution of technologies and aims to question how artificial intelligence can be put at the service of enforcement. In this respect, the analysis focuses on the importance of both electronic access to information and access to dematerialised information, to highlight the imperative need for a procedure for seizure of dematerialised assets and to consider drafting the a crypto-currency attachment procedure. *** Le 17 décembre 2009, la Commission européenne pour l’efficacité de la justice du Conseil de l’Europe a adopté des Lignes directrices pour une meilleure mise en œuvre de la recommandation existante du Conseil de l’Europe sur l’exécution. Ces principes visent à garantir à tous l’accès à un agent d’exécution et à une exécution de qualité dans le respect des droits fondamentaux des justiciables. Dans la première partie de l’ouvrage il est fait état de la genèse des Lignes directrices de la CEPEJ sur l’exécution ainsi que de son état d’application au sein des différents États membres du Conseil de l’Europe. La seconde partie de l’ouvrage aborde la problématique de l’évolution des technologies et vise à s’interroger sur la façon dont l’intelligence artificielle peut être mise au service de l’exécution. À cet égard, l’analyse porte sur l’importance tant d’un accès dématérialisé aux informations que d’un accès aux informations dématérialisées, pour relever l’impérieuse nécessité d’une procédure de saisie des avoirs dématérialisés et envisager l’ébauche d’une procédure de saisie des crypto-monnaies.

The Experience of Atheism Phenomenology Metaphysics and Religion

The Experience of Atheism  Phenomenology  Metaphysics and Religion PDF Book Detail Author: Claude Romano
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350167649
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 216

Book Description
Religious and atheistic belief are presented anew in a volume of essays from leading phenomenologists in both France and the UK. Atheism, often presented as the negation of religious belief, is here engaged with from a phenomenologically informed notion of experience. The focus on experience, sparks new debates in readings of belief, faith and atheism as they relate to and complicate each other. What unites the contributors is their relationship to phenomenology as it has developed in France in the wake of Heidegger and Husserl. Leading French intellectuals from this context, Jean-Luc Nancy, Quentin Meillassoux, and Catherine Malabou, amongst others, contribute arresting ideas on atheistic faith, the death of God, and anarchic faith, opening up new areas of understanding in a field whose parameters and core concepts are ever shifting. Revealing the extent to which religious and atheistic belief must be seen to influence, and on a fundamental level, to co-create one another, the pluralistic society in which religious belief is counted as one option amongst many is given primacy. The fact that religious faith has become not only optional but also, in many contexts, strangely alienated from society, deeply modifies the experience of the believer as much as that of the non-believer. A focus on 'experience', over and above 'belief', moves us towards a mode of experiential knowledge which refuses to privilege the atheistic believer and deride the reality of religious belief.

Ethics and Politics

Ethics and Politics PDF Book Detail Author: Peter Kemp
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 364390682X
Category : Political ethics
Languages : en
Pages : 276

Book Description
The main theme of volume 4 of Eco-ethica is Ethics and Politics. In the first and second part, the authors examine the sometimes conflictual relationship between ethics and politics from an eco-ethical perspective. They investigate how our conceptions of both ethics and politics have been shaped historically as well as by today's technological conjuncture. The third part continues the discussion of French philosopher Paul Ricoeur (1913 - 2005) begun in volume 3. The essays here focus on how his conception of the connections and differences between ethics and politics led him to embrace certain paradoxes in politics and forced him to become suspicious of apolitical thinking.

Process Engineering Renewal 1

Process Engineering Renewal 1 PDF Book Detail Author: Éric Schaer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119721520
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 342

Book Description
Process engineering emerged at the beginning of the 20th Century and has become an essential scientific discipline for the matter and energy processing industries. Its success is incontrovertible, with the exponential increase in techniques and innovations. Rapid advances in new technologies such as artificial intelligence, as well as current societal needs – sustainable development, climate change, renewable energy, the environment – are developments that must be taken into account in industrial renewal. Process Engineering Renewal 1 – the first volume of three – focuses on training, demonstrating the need for innovation in order for the field to have a framework that is sustainable, in a highly changeable world.

The Human Challenge of Telemedicine

The Human Challenge of Telemedicine PDF Book Detail Author: Philippe Bardy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008102892X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 284

Book Description
Telepatients using connected objects to collect time-sensitive data about their health are not neutral carriers of diagnosable symptoms. Patients are persons, or personal beings as well as co-carers, whose personal experience, history and know-how must be acknowledged in time-sensitive telecare practices. Such practices require a relational ethics, inspired by medical ethics and an ethics of virtues, focusing on vulnerability and emotional health, to oversee telecare good practices, define a new therapeutic alliance compliant with patients’ values, and reconcile the technical and human sides of telemedicine. The ethical challenges of telemedicine in chronic patients today The key features of a person-centered and relational ethics in telemedical settings The concepts of “emotional health care and “chrono-sensitivity of the “connected sick body

Roberto Esposito

Roberto Esposito PDF Book Detail Author: Peter Langford
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136005609
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 250

Book Description
Roberto Esposito: Law, Community and the Political provides a critical legal introduction to this increasingly influential Italian theorist’s work, by focusing on Esposito’s reconceptualisation of the relationship between law, community and the political. The analysis concentrates primarily on Esposito’s Catégories de l’Impolitique, Communitas, Immunitas and Bíos, which, it is argued, are animated by an abiding concern with the position of critique in relation to the tradition of modern and contemporary legal and political philosophy. Esposito’s fundamental rethinking of these notions breaks with the existing framework of political and legal philosophy, through the critique of its underlying presuppositions. And, in the process, Esposito rethinks the very form of critique. As the first monograph-length study of Esposito in English, Roberto Esposito: Law, Community and the Political will be of considerable interest to those working in the areas of contemporary legal and political thought and philosophy.