Principles of Cyber Physical Systems

Principles of Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: Rajeev Alur
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262029111
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 464

Book Description
A foundational text that offers a rigorous introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems. A cyber-physical system consists of a collection of computing devices communicating with one another and interacting with the physical world via sensors and actuators in a feedback loop. Increasingly, such systems are everywhere, from smart buildings to medical devices to automobiles. This textbook offers a rigorous and comprehensive introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems. The book draws on a diverse set of subdisciplines, including model-based design, concurrency theory, distributed algorithms, formal methods of specification and verification, control theory, real-time systems, and hybrid systems, explaining the core ideas from each that are relevant to system design and analysis. The book explains how formal models provide mathematical abstractions to manage the complexity of a system design. It covers both synchronous and asynchronous models for concurrent computation, continuous-time models for dynamical systems, and hybrid systems for integrating discrete and continuous evolution. The role of correctness requirements in the design of reliable systems is illustrated with a range of specification formalisms and the associated techniques for formal verification. The topics include safety and liveness requirements, temporal logic, model checking, deductive verification, stability analysis of linear systems, and real-time scheduling algorithms. Principles of modeling, specification, and analysis are illustrated by constructing solutions to representative design problems from distributed algorithms, network protocols, control design, and robotics. This book provides the rapidly expanding field of cyber-physical systems with a long-needed foundational text by an established authority. It is suitable for classroom use or as a reference for professionals.

Cyber Physical Systems

Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: Houbing Song
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0128038748
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 514

Book Description
Cyber-Physical Systems: Foundations, Principles and Applications explores the core system science perspective needed to design and build complex cyber-physical systems. Using Systems Science’s underlying theories, such as probability theory, decision theory, game theory, organizational sociology, behavioral economics, and cognitive psychology, the book addresses foundational issues central across CPS applications, including System Design -- How to design CPS to be safe, secure, and resilient in rapidly evolving environments, System Verification -- How to develop effective metrics and methods to verify and certify large and complex CPS, Real-time Control and Adaptation -- How to achieve real-time dynamic control and behavior adaptation in a diverse environments, such as clouds and in network-challenged spaces, Manufacturing -- How to harness communication, computation, and control for developing new products, reducing product concepts to realizable designs, and producing integrated software-hardware systems at a pace far exceeding today's timeline. The book is part of the Intelligent Data-Centric Systems: Sensor-Collected Intelligence series edited by Fatos Xhafa, Technical University of Catalonia. Indexing: The books of this series are submitted to EI-Compendex and SCOPUS Includes in-depth coverage of the latest models and theories that unify perspectives, expressing the interacting dynamics of the computational and physical components of a system in a dynamic environment Focuses on new design, analysis, and verification tools that embody the scientific principles of CPS and incorporate measurement, dynamics, and control Covers applications in numerous sectors, including agriculture, energy, transportation, building design and automation, healthcare, and manufacturing

Logical Foundations of Cyber Physical Systems

Logical Foundations of Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: André Platzer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319635883
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 639

Book Description
Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) combine cyber capabilities, such as computation or communication, with physical capabilities, such as motion or other physical processes. Cars, aircraft, and robots are prime examples, because they move physically in space in a way that is determined by discrete computerized control algorithms. Designing these algorithms is challenging due to their tight coupling with physical behavior, while it is vital that these algorithms be correct because we rely on them for safety-critical tasks. This textbook teaches undergraduate students the core principles behind CPSs. It shows them how to develop models and controls; identify safety specifications and critical properties; reason rigorously about CPS models; leverage multi-dynamical systems compositionality to tame CPS complexity; identify required control constraints; verify CPS models of appropriate scale in logic; and develop an intuition for operational effects. The book is supported with homework exercises, lecture videos, and slides.

Principles of Cyber Physical Systems

Principles of Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: Sandip Roy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107066611
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 370

Book Description
This unique introduction to the foundational concepts of cyber-physical systems (CPS) describes key design principles and emerging research trends in detail. Several interdisciplinary applications are covered, with a focus on the wide-area management of infrastructures including electric power systems, air transportation networks, and health care systems. Design, control and optimization of cyber-physical infrastructures are discussed, addressing security and privacy issues of networked CPS, presenting graph-theoretic and numerical approaches to CPS evaluation and monitoring, and providing readers with the knowledge needed to operate CPS in a reliable, efficient, and secure manner. Exercises are included. This is an ideal resource for researchers and graduate students in electrical engineering and computer science, as well as for practitioners using cyber-physical systems in aerospace and automotive engineering, medical technology, and large-scale infrastructure operations.

Cyber Physical Systems in the Built Environment

Cyber Physical Systems in the Built Environment PDF Book Detail Author: Chimay J. Anumba
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030415600
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 359

Book Description
This book introduces researchers and practitioners to Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and its applications in the built environment. It begins with a fundamental introduction to CPS technology and associated concepts.It then presents numerous examples of applications from managing construction projects to smart transportation systems and smart cities. It concludes with a discussion of future directions for CPS deployment in the construction, operation and maintenance of constructed facilities. Featuring internationally recognized experts as contributors, Cyber-Physical Systems in the Built Environment, is an ideal resource for engineers, construction managers, architects, facilities managers, and planners working on a range of building and civil infrastructure projects.

Cyber Physical Systems Security

Cyber Physical Systems Security PDF Book Detail Author: Çetin Kaya Koç
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319989359
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 344

Book Description
The chapters in this book present the work of researchers, scientists, engineers, and teachers engaged with developing unified foundations, principles, and technologies for cyber-physical security. They adopt a multidisciplinary approach to solving related problems in next-generation systems, representing views from academia, government bodies, and industrial partners, and their contributions discuss current work on modeling, analyzing, and understanding cyber-physical systems.

Cyber Physical Systems Decision Making Mechanisms and Applications

Cyber Physical Systems  Decision Making Mechanisms and Applications PDF Book Detail Author: Kostas Siozios
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8793609094
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 292

Book Description
As systems continue to evolve they rely less on human decision-making and more on computational intelligence. This trend in conjunction with the available technologies for providing advanced sensing, measurement, process control, and communication lead towards the new field of the CyberPhysical System (CPS). CyberPhysical systems are expected to play a major role in the design and development of future engineering platforms with new capabilities that far exceed today's levels of autonomy, functionality and usability. Although these systems exhibit remarkable characteristics, their design and implementation is a challenging issue, as numerous (heterogeneous) components and services have to be appropriately modeled and simulated together. The problem of designing efficient CPS becomes far more challenging in case the target system has to meet also real-time constraints. CyberPhysical Systems: Decision Making Mechanisms and Applications describes essential theory, recent research and large-scale user cases that addresses urgent challenges in CPS architectures. In particular, it includes chapters on: Decision making for large scale CPSModeling of CPS with emphasis at the control mechanismsHardware/software implementation of the control mechanismsFault-tolerant and reliability issues for the control mechanismsCyberPhysical user-cases that incorporate challenging decision making

Big Data Analytics for Cyber Physical Systems

Big Data Analytics for Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: Shiyan Hu
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303043494X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 270

Book Description
This book highlights research and survey articles dedicated to big data techniques for cyber-physical system (CPS), which addresses the close interactions and feedback controls between cyber components and physical components. The book first discusses some fundamental big data problems and solutions in large scale distributed CPSs. The book then addresses the design and control challenges in multiple CPS domains such as vehicular system, smart city, smart building, and digital microfluidic biochips. This book also presents the recent advances and trends in the maritime simulation system and the flood defence system.

A 21st Century Cyber Physical Systems Education

A 21st Century Cyber Physical Systems Education PDF Book Detail Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309451639
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 106

Book Description
Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are "engineered systems that are built from, and depend upon, the seamless integration of computational algorithms and physical components." CPS can be small and closed, such as an artificial pancreas, or very large, complex, and interconnected, such as a regional energy grid. CPS engineering focuses on managing inter- dependencies and impact of physical aspects on cyber aspects, and vice versa. With the development of low-cost sensing, powerful embedded system hardware, and widely deployed communication networks, the reliance on CPS for system functionality has dramatically increased. These technical developments in combination with the creation of a workforce skilled in engineering CPS will allow the deployment of increasingly capable, adaptable, and trustworthy systems. Engineers responsible for developing CPS but lacking the appropriate education or training may not fully understand at an appropriate depth, on the one hand, the technical issues associated with the CPS software and hardware or, on the other hand, techniques for physical system modeling, energy and power, actuation, signal processing, and control. In addition, these engineers may be designing and implementing life-critical systems without appropriate formal training in CPS methods needed for verification and to assure safety, reliability, and security. A workforce with the appropriate education, training, and skills will be better positioned to create and manage the next generation of CPS solutions. A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education examines the intellectual content of the emerging field of CPS and its implications for engineering and computer science education. This report is intended to inform those who might support efforts to develop curricula and materials; faculty and university administrators; industries with needs for CPS workers; and current and potential students about intellectual foundations, workforce requirements, employment opportunities, and curricular needs.

Cyber Physical Systems for Next Generation Networks

Cyber Physical Systems for Next Generation Networks PDF Book Detail Author: Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522555110
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 293

Book Description
The use of cyber-physical systems in recent computing, communication, and control methods to design and operate intelligent and autonomous systems using cutting-edge technologies has led to many advances. By studying emerging trends in these systems, programming techniques can be optimized and strengthened to create a higher level of effectiveness. Cyber-Physical Systems for Next-Generation Networks provides emerging research on using cyber-physical systems (CPS) as a method to control design and operation of intelligent systems through next-generation networks. While highlighting issues such as increasing CPS complexity due to components within physical and industrial systems, this publication explores information on real-time sensing, reasoning, and adaptation for cyber-physical systems while gaining an understanding of evolutionary computing for it. This book is a valuable resource for engineers, academicians, researchers, and graduate-level students seeking current research on CPS in cutting-edge technologies.

Cyber Physical Systems

Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: Fei Hu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466577010
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 398

Book Description
Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) have quickly become one of the hottest computer applications today. With their tight integration of cyber and physical objects, it is believed CPSs will transform how we interact with the physical world, just like the Internet transformed how we interact with one another. A CPS could be a system at multiple scales, fro

Transportation Cyber Physical Systems

Transportation Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: Lipika Deka
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128142960
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 348

Book Description
Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems provides current and future researchers, developers and practitioners with the latest thinking on the emerging interdisciplinary field of Transportation Cyber Physical Systems (TCPS). The book focuses on enhancing efficiency, reducing environmental stress, and meeting societal demands across the continually growing air, water and land transportation needs of both people and goods. Users will find a valuable resource that helps accelerate the research and development of transportation and mobility CPS-driven innovation for the security, reliability and stability of society at-large. The book integrates ideas from Transport and CPS experts and visionaries, consolidating the latest thinking on the topic. As cars, traffic lights and the built environment are becoming connected and augmented with embedded intelligence, it is important to understand how smart ecosystems that encompass hardware, software, and physical components can help sense the changing state of the real world. Bridges the gap between the transportation, CPS and civil engineering communities Includes numerous examples of practical applications that show how diverse technologies and topics are integrated in practice Examines timely, state-of-the-art topics, such as big data analytics, privacy, cybersecurity and smart cities Shows how TCPS can be developed and deployed, along with its associated challenges Includes pedagogical aids, such as Illustrations of application scenarios, architecture details, tables describing available methods and tools, chapter objectives, and a glossary Contains international contributions from academia, government and industry

Secure and Trustworthy Transportation Cyber Physical Systems

Secure and Trustworthy Transportation Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: Yunchuan Sun
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811038929
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 159

Book Description
This book comprehensively reviews the cyber security and privacy issues in transportation cyber-physical systems (TCPSs). It examines theories and various state-of-the-art technologies and methodologies. Starting with a survey of the latest solutions in TCPSs, it introduces a smart-transport-system architecture design based on cyber-physical systems. It then discusses in detail the principles and metrics of evaluating safety and privacy in TCPSs and elaborates the verification and analysis of secure, robust and trustworthy TCPSs. Moreover, it demonstrates the advanced and novel tools commonly used in practice by several researchers. Lastly it provides an exhaustive case study on the authentication and attestation in TCPSs. This book is of interest not only to readers in the field of TCPSs, but also to those in interdisciplinary fields, such as energy, healthcare, bio-engineering etc.

Security and Privacy in Cyber Physical Systems

Security and Privacy in Cyber Physical Systems PDF Book Detail Author: Houbing Song
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111922604X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 472

Book Description
Overview of security and privacy in cyber-physical systems -- Network security and privacy for cyber-physical systems -- Tutorial on information theoretic metrics quantifying privacy in cyber-physical systems -- Cyber-physical systems and national security concerns -- Legal considerations of cyber-physical systems and the Internet of Things -- Key management -- Secure registration and remote attestation of IoT devices joining the cloud : the Stack4Things case of study -- Context awareness for adaptive access control management in IoT environments -- Data privacy issues in distributed security monitoring system -- Privacy protection for cloud-based robotic networks -- Network coding technique : security challenges and applications -- Lightweight crypto and security -- Cyber-physical vulnerabilities of wireless sensor networks in smart cities -- Towards detecting data integrity attacks in smart grid -- Survey on data security and privacy in wireless sensor systems for health -- Security of smart buildings -- The internet of postal things : making the postal infrastructure smarter -- Security and privacy issues in the internet of cows -- Admission control based load protection in the smart grid

Local Activity Principle

Local Activity Principle PDF Book Detail Author: Klaus Mainzer
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908977108
Category : Broken symmetry
Languages : en
Pages : 456

Book Description
The principle of local activity explains the emergence of complex patterns in a homogeneous medium. At first defined in the theory of nonlinear electronic circuits in a mathematically rigorous way, it can be generalized and proven at least for the class of nonlinear reactionOCodiffusion systems in physics, chemistry, biology, and brain research. Recently, it was realized by memristors for nanoelectronic device applications. In general, the emergence of complex patterns and structures is explained by symmetry breaking in homogeneous media, which is caused by local activity. This book argues that the principle of local activity is really fundamental in science, and can even be identified in quantum cosmology as symmetry breaking of local gauge symmetries generating the complexity of matter and forces in our universe. Applications are considered in economic, financial, and social systems with the emergence of equilibrium states, symmetry breaking at critical points of phase transitions and risky acting at the edge of chaos.

Local Activity Principle The Cause Of Complexity And Symmetry Breaking

Local Activity Principle  The Cause Of Complexity And Symmetry Breaking PDF Book Detail Author: Mainzer Klaus
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1908977116
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 456

Book Description
The principle of local activity explains the emergence of complex patterns in a homogeneous medium. At first defined in the theory of nonlinear electronic circuits in a mathematically rigorous way, it can be generalized and proven at least for the class of nonlinear reaction-diffusion systems in physics, chemistry, biology, and brain research. Recently, it was realized by memristors for nanoelectronic device applications. In general, the emergence of complex patterns and structures is explained by symmetry breaking in homogeneous media, which is caused by local activity. This book argues that the principle of local activity is really fundamental in science, and can even be identified in quantum cosmology as symmetry breaking of local gauge symmetries generating the complexity of matter and forces in our universe. Applications are considered in economic, financial, and social systems with the emergence of equilibrium states, symmetry breaking at critical points of phase transitions and risky acting at the edge of chaos./a

Cyber Physical Attacks

Cyber Physical Attacks PDF Book Detail Author: George Loukas
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128014636
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 270

Book Description
Cyber-Physical Attacks: A Growing Invisible Threat presents the growing list of harmful uses of computers and their ability to disable cameras, turn off a building’s lights, make a car veer off the road, or a drone land in enemy hands. In essence, it details the ways cyber-physical attacks are replacing physical attacks in crime, warfare, and terrorism. The book explores how attacks using computers affect the physical world in ways that were previously only possible through physical means. Perpetrators can now cause damage without the same risk, and without the political, social, or moral outrage that would follow a more overt physical attack. Readers will learn about all aspects of this brave new world of cyber-physical attacks, along with tactics on how to defend against them. The book provides an accessible introduction to the variety of cyber-physical attacks that have already been employed or are likely to be employed in the near future. Demonstrates how to identify and protect against cyber-physical threats Written for undergraduate students and non-experts, especially physical security professionals without computer science background Suitable for training police and security professionals Provides a strong understanding of the different ways in which a cyber-attack can affect physical security in a broad range of sectors Includes online resources for those teaching security management