Book DetailAuthor: Jeanette K. Gundel Publisher: Oxford University Press ISBN: 0190450258 Category : Language Arts & Disciplines Languages : en Pages : 288
The ability to produce and understand referring expressions is basic to human language use and human cognition. Reference comprises the ability to think of and represent objects (both real and imagined/fictional), to indicate to others which of these objects we are talking about, and to determine what others are talking about when they use a nominal expression. The articles in this volume are concerned with some of the central themes and challenges in research on reference within the cognitive sciences - philosophy (including philosophy of language and mind, logic, and formal semantics), theoretical and computational linguistics, and cognitive psychology. The papers address four basic questions: What is reference? What is the appropriate analysis of different referring forms, such as definite descriptions? How is reference resolved? and How do speaker/writers select appropriate referring forms, such as pronouns vs. full noun phrases, demonstrative vs. personal pronouns, and overt vs. null/zero pronominal forms? Some of the papers assume and build on existing theories, such as Centering Theory and the Givenness Hierarchy framework; others propose their own models of reference understanding or production. The essays examine reference from a number of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives, informed by different research traditions and employing different methodologies. While the contributors to the volume were primarily trained in one of the four represented disciplines-computer science, linguistics, philosophy and psychology, and use methodologies typical of that discipline, each of them bridges more than one discipline in their methodology and/or their approach.
Book DetailAuthor: David Planchard Publisher: SDC Publications ISBN: 1630573140 Category : Computers Languages : en Pages : 1024
• A comprehensive reference book for SOLIDWORKS 2020 • Contains 260 plus standalone tutorials • Starts with a basic overview of SOLIDWORKS 2020 and its new features • Tutorials are written for each topic with new and intermediate users in mind • Includes access to each tutorial’s initial and final state • Contains a chapter introducing you to 3D printing The SOLIDWORKS 2020 Reference Guide is a comprehensive reference book written to assist the beginner to intermediate user of SOLIDWORKS 2020. SOLIDWORKS is an immense software package, and no one book can cover all topics for all users. This book provides a centralized reference location to address many of the tools, features and techniques of SOLIDWORKS 2020. This book covers the following: • System and Document properties • FeatureManagers • PropertyManagers • ConfigurationManagers • RenderManagers • 2D and 3D Sketch tools • Sketch entities • 3D Feature tools • Motion Study • Sheet Metal • Motion Study • SOLIDWORKS Simulation • PhotoView 360 • Pack and Go • 3D PDFs • Intelligent Modeling techniques • 3D printing terminology and more Chapter 1 provides a basic overview of the concepts and terminology used throughout this book using SOLIDWORKS 2020 software. If you are completely new to SOLIDWORKS, you should read Chapter 1 in detail and complete Lesson 1, Lesson 2 and Lesson 3 in the SOLIDWORKS Tutorials. If you are familiar with an earlier release of SOLIDWORKS, you still might want to skim Chapter 1 to become acquainted with some of the commands, menus and features that you have not used; or you can simply jump to any section in any chapter. Each chapter provides detailed PropertyManager information on key topics with individual stand-alone short tutorials to reinforce and demonstrate the functionality and ease of the SOLIDWORKS tool or feature. The book provides access to over 260 models, their solutions and additional support materials. Learn by doing, not just by reading. Formulate the skills to create, modify and edit sketches and solid features. Learn the techniques to reuse features, parts and assemblies through symmetry, patterns, copied components, design tables, configurations and more. The book is designed to complement the Online Tutorials and Online Help contained in SOLIDWORKS 2020. The goal is to illustrate how multiple design situations and systematic steps combine to produce successful designs. The author developed the tutorials by combining his own industry experience with the knowledge of engineers, department managers, professors, vendors and manufacturers. He is directly involved with SOLIDWORKS every day and his responsibilities go far beyond the creation of just a 3D model.
Book DetailAuthor: Rita Pellen Publisher: Routledge ISBN: 131782492X Category : Computers Languages : en Pages : 228
Make separate library services for distance learners a thing of the past Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners takes a comprehensive look at efforts by librarians and information specialists to provide distance learners with effective services that match those already available on campus. With the development of the World Wide Web and the evolution of Web-based services, reference librarians are adding a human element to the virtual library, blurring the difference between distance learners and traditional users. This unique book examines how they deal with a wide range of related topics, including standards and guidelines, copyright issues, streaming media, and chat and digital references, and presents a historical overview of how reference and instructional services have been delivered to distance users—before and after the creation of the Internet. Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners reveals that librarians do not make a sharp distinction between reference and instruction within the context of distance learning, and that there is no clear boundary between “true” distance learners and more traditional students who might use services designed for nontraditional users. Online capabilities have allowed reference librarians to approximate services advocated by published guidelines and standards, including the ACRL Distance Learning Section’s Guidelines for Distance Learning Library Services, to provide a framework for librarians to plan services for off-campus students. Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners provides practical information on: how librarians can “keep IT simple” when designing methods to access reference support why library Web sites are vital sources of communication between the distance learning student and the reference-based instructional component how to set up a university chat service, including software selection, staff training and assessment how to provide students services beyond traditional provision of resources, including advising, enrollment, and payment of fees how to create an online assistance site that incorporates online versions of traditional print handouts, FAQs, subject guides, course-specific guides, learning modules, and instructional videos in one central location how to work with faculty to create online support for students in Blackboard courses the pros and cons of using open-source software how to create an online library assistance site how to create online information literacy course to teach independent research skills to remote students how to avoid copyright infringement and how to educate library personnel about copyright law how to use Camtasia Studio, a screen capture program to create audio and video for online presentations Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners is an invaluable resource for librarians working in academic, school, special, and public settings, and for library science faculty and students.
Book DetailAuthor: Alexander R. H. Smith Publisher: Springer ISBN: 3030110001 Category : Science Languages : en Pages : 167
This thesis uses the tools of quantum information science to uncover fascinating new insights about the intersection of quantum theory and relativity. It is divided into three self-contained parts, the first of which employs detector models to investigate how the information content of quantum fields depends on spacetime curvature and global spacetime topology. The behavior of Unruh-DeWitt detectors on curved spacetimes are investigated, following which these detectors are used to probe the vacuum state of a scalar field in various topologies. This leads to a generalization of the entanglement harvesting protocol involving detectors in arbitrary curved spacetimes admitting a Wightman function. The second part extends the theory of quantum reference frames to those associated with noncompact groups. Motivated by the pursuit of a relational relativistic quantum theory where the group of reference frames is the Poincaré group, the author then generalizes a communication protocol between two parties lacking a common reference frame to the scenario where the group of transformations of their reference frame is a one-dimensional noncompact Lie group. Finally, the third part, inspired by theories of quantum gravity, generalizes the conditional probability interpretation of time, a proposed mechanism for time to emerge from a fundamentally timeless Universe. While the conditional probability interpretation of time is based upon conditioning a solution to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation on a subsystem of the universe that acts a clock, the author extends this approach to include an interaction between the system being used as a clock and a system whose evolution the clock is tracking.
Book DetailAuthor: David A. Tyckoson Publisher: Purdue University Press ISBN: 1557536988 Category : LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES Languages : en Pages : 401
Libraries today provide a wider variety of services, collections, and tools than at any time in the past. This book explores how reference librarianship is changing to continue to help users find information they need in this shifting environment.
Book DetailAuthor: Mikael Olsson Publisher: Apress ISBN: 1430262842 Category : Computers Languages : en Pages : 140
The PHP Quick Scripting Reference is a condensed scripting code and syntax reference to the PHP scripting language, the most popular Web scripting language in use today. It presents the essential PHP script in a well-organized format that can be used as a handy reference. You won’t find any technical jargon, bloated samples, drawn out history lessons or witty stories in this book. What you will find is a Web scripting language reference that is concise, to the point and highly accessible. The book is packed with useful information and is a must-have for any PHP programmer or Web developer In the PHP Quick Scripting Reference, you will find: A concise reference to the PHP scripting language syntax. Short, simple and focused code examples. A well laid out table of contents and a comprehensive index allowing easy review.
Book DetailAuthor: Sergey V. Medvedevskikh Publisher: Springer Nature ISBN: 303106285X Category : Electronic books Languages : en Pages : 222
The book covers in particular state-of-the-art scientific research about product quality control and related health and environmental safety topics, including human, animal and plant safety assurance issues. These conference proceedings provide contemporary information on the general theoretical, metrological and practical issues of the production and application of reference materials. Reference materials play an integral role in physical, chemical and related type of measurements, ensuring their uniformity, comparability and the validity of quantitative analysis as well as, as a result, the objectivity of decisions concerning the elimination of technical barriers in commercial and economic, scientific and technical and other spheres of cooperation. The book is intended for researchers and practitioners in the field of chemistry, metrologists, technical physics, as well as for specialists in analytical laboratories, or working for companies and organizations involved in the production, distribution and use of reference materials.
Book DetailAuthor: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee Publisher: ISBN: Category : Records Languages : en Pages : 164
Book DetailAuthor: Microsoft Corporation Publisher: ISBN: Category : Computers Languages : en Pages : 1346
A category reference of all run-time library routines, this book gives quick-reference lists of global variables and standard types, and "The Iostream Class Library Reference" (which supports object-oriented input and output).
Book DetailAuthor: Lynn Quitman Troyka Publisher: ISBN: 9780131400818 Category : English language Languages : en Pages : 574
This brief spiral-bound reference handbook takes a user-friendly, reader-oriented approach--with additional features that give readersaccess to informationquickly. The author covers grammar, punctuation, thinking and reading critically, writing argument essays, writing research papers and documenting them, writing for the Web, designing documents, writing about literature, writing for business, and creating oral presentations. Offers a Premium Companion Website at www.prenhall.com/troyka that facilitates the research process and offers three exclusive databases full of relevant and reliable source material. Expands discussion of the research process from five to seven chapters. Offers a new chapter on writing arguments. Features a new chapter on Oral Presentation that explains how to plan, create, and present. Features a striking new four color design that highlights each key concept. Provides URL addresses throughout that helps readers access useful websites. The ideal reference for professionals of all kinds who want to improve their writing in both business and personal contexts.