Paradoxes of innovation prospects for social science innovation research

Paradoxes of innovation  prospects for social science innovation research PDF Book Detail Author: Dieter Sauer
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593363141
Category : Social sciences
Languages : de
Pages : 266

Book Description
Abstract: Traditionelle Wege der Erzeugung, Implementation und Vermarktung neuer Technologien erweisen sich als zunehmend ungeeignet zur Lösung von Zukunftsproblemen. Sozialwissenschaftliche Innovationsforschung, die sich mit gescheiterten Innovationen, risikoreichen Projekten und der Wirkung staatlicher Technologiepolitik befaßt, liefert dafür zahlreiche Hinweise. Auf einer Tagung des Verbundes Sozialwissenschaftliche Technikforschung wurden Ansätze eines gesellschaftlichen Innovationsmanagements diskutiert, das sozialen und institutionellen Faktoren hohe Bedeutung für den Erfolg von Innovationen beimißt. Inhaltsverzeichnis: Dieter Sauer: Perspektiven sozialwissenschaftlicher Innovationsforschung - eine Einleitung (9-22); Hartmut Hirsch-Kreinsen, Volker Wittke: Soziale Konstitution und Internationalisierung von Innovationsprozessen (25-49); Pierre Veltz: Innovation im Spannungsfeld von Globalisierung und Regionalisierung (51-56); Rob van Tulder: Meso Institutions and Innovation Paradoxes (5

Social Science for What

Social Science for What  PDF Book Detail Author: Alice O'Connor
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610444302
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192

Book Description
Much like today, the early twentieth century was a period of rising economic inequality and political polarization in America. But it was also an era of progressive reform—a time when the Russell Sage Foundation and other philanthropic organizations were established to promote social science as a way to solve the crises of industrial capitalism. In Social Science for What? Alice O’Connor relates the history of philanthropic social science, exploring its successes and challenges over the years, and asking how these foundations might continue to promote progressive social change in our own politically divided era. The philanthropic foundations established in the early 1900s focused on research which, while intended to be objective, was also politically engaged. In addition to funding social science research, in its early years the Russell Sage Foundation also supported social work and advocated reforms on issues from child welfare to predatory lending. This reformist agenda shaped the foundation’s research priorities and methods. The Foundation’s landmark Pittsburgh Survey of wage labor, conducted in 1907-1908, involved not only social scientists but leaders of charities, social workers, and progressive activists, and was designed not simply to answer empirical questions, but to reframe the public discourse about industrial labor. After World War II, many philanthropic foundations disengaged from political struggles and shifted their funding toward more value-neutral, academic social inquiry, in the belief that disinterested research would yield more effective public policies. Consequently, these foundations were caught off guard in the 1970s and 1980s by the emergence of a network of right-wing foundations, which was successful in promoting an openly ideological agenda. In order to counter the political in-roads made by conservative organizations, O’Connor argues that progressive philanthropic research foundations should look to the example of their founders. While continuing to support the social science research that has contributed so much to American society over the past 100 years, they should be more direct about the values that motivate their research. In this way, they will help foster a more democratic dialogue on important social issues by using empirical knowledge to engage fundamentally ethical concerns about rising inequality. O’Connor’s message is timely: public-interest social science faces unprecedented challenges in this era of cultural warfare, as both liberalism and science itself have come under assault. Social Science for What? is a thought-provoking critique of the role of social science in improving society and an indispensable guide to how progressives can reassert their voice in the national political debate. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation's Centennial Series

The Social Sciences in the Asian Century

The Social Sciences in the Asian Century PDF Book Detail Author: Carol Johnson
Publisher: ANU Press
ISBN: 1925022595
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 213

Book Description
In this collection of essays, we reflect on what it means to practise the social sciences in the twenty-first century. The book brings together leading social scientists from the Asia-Pacific region. We argue for the benefit of dialogue between the diverse theories and methods of social sciences in the region, the role of the social sciences in addressing real-world problems, the need to transcend national boundaries in addressing regional problems, and the challenges for an increasingly globalised higher education sector in the twenty-first century. The chapters are a combination of theoretical reflections and locally focused case studies of processes that are embedded in global dynamics and the changing geopolitics of knowledge. In an increasingly connected world, these reflections will be of global relevance

Biologising the Social Sciences

Biologising the Social Sciences PDF Book Detail Author: David Canter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317412206
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 154

Book Description
You can hardly open a paper or read an academic journal without some attempt to explain an aspect of human behaviour or experience by reference to neuroscience, biological or evolutionary processes. This ‘biologising’ has had rather a free ride until now, being generally accepted by the public at large. However, there is a growing number of scholars who are challenging the assumption that we are little more than our bodies and animal origins. This volume brings together a review of these emerging critiques expressed by an international range of senior academics from across the social sciences. Their arguments are firmly based in the empirical, scientific tradition. They show the lack of logic or evidence for many ‘biologising’ claims, as well as the damaging effects these biological assumptions can have on issues such as dealing with dyslexia or treating alcoholism. This important book, originally published as a special issue of Contemporary Social Science, contributes to a crucial debate on what it means to be human. "This collection of articles by David Canter and his colleagues, rigorously argued and richly informative [...] are of immense importance. It is astonishing that, as Canter puts it in his brilliant overview of biologising trends [...] there are those in the humanities who need to be reminded "that human beings can talk and interact with each other, generating cultures and societies that have an existence that cannot be reduced to their mere mechanical parts". Professor Raymond Tallis FRCP FMedSci DLitt LittD in the Preface.

Teaching Research Methods in the Social Sciences

Teaching Research Methods in the Social Sciences PDF Book Detail Author: Claire Wagner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317046560
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264

Book Description
How can excellence in the teaching of research methods be encouraged and ensured? This question has become increasingly important following the adoption of research methodology as a core part of many postgraduate and undergraduate courses. There has, however, been little discussion about the aims and methods of teaching the subject. In this volume; a number of authors from a variety of countries and disciplines employ their knowledge and experience towards the development of a 'pedagogical culture' in research methods. Their aim is to establish the extent of common concerns and challenges and to demonstrate ways in which these are being met. Intended to provide both a stimulus and source materials for the development of a more substantial and systematic literature in the field, the book will be of great interest to all those teaching research methods courses within social science disciplines.

The Social Studies Curriculum

The Social Studies Curriculum PDF Book Detail Author: E. Wayne Ross
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791481042
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 368

Book Description
This updated third edition contains new chapters on important issues—including race, gender, sexuality, and multiculturalism—affecting social studies education.

Library and Information Studies for Arctic Social Sciences and Humanities

Library and Information Studies for Arctic Social Sciences and Humanities PDF Book Detail Author: Spencer Acadia
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429997906
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 444

Book Description
Library and Information Studies for Arctic Social Sciences and Humanities serves as a key interdisciplinary title that links the social sciences and humanities with current issues, trends, and projects in library, archival, and information sciences within shared Arctic frameworks and geographies. Including contributions from professionals and academics working across and on the Arctic, the book presents recent research, theoretical inquiry, and applied professional endeavours at academic and public libraries, as well as archives, museums, government institutions, and other organisations. Focusing on efforts that further Arctic knowledge and research, papers present local, regional, and institutional case studies to conceptually and empirically describe real-life research in which the authors are engaged. Topics covered include the complexities of developing and managing multilingual resources; working in geographically isolated areas; curating combinations of local, regional, national, and international content collections; and understanding historical and contemporary colonial-industrial influences in indigenous knowledge. Library and Information Studies for Arctic Social Sciences and Humanities will be essential reading for academics, researchers, and students working the fields of library, archival, and information or data science, as well as those working in the humanities and social sciences more generally. It should also be of great interest to librarians, archivists, curators, and information or data professionals around the globe.

The Hype Machine

The Hype Machine PDF Book Detail Author: Sinan Aral
Publisher: Currency
ISBN: 0525574522
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 416

Book Description
A landmark insider’s tour of how social media affects our decision-making and shapes our world in ways both useful and dangerous, with critical insights into the social media trends of the 2020 election and beyond “The book might be described as prophetic. . . . At least two of Aral’s three predictions have come to fruition.”—New York NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY WIRED • LONGLISTED FOR THE PORCHLIGHT BUSINESS BOOK AWARD Social media connected the world—and gave rise to fake news and increasing polarization. It is paramount, MIT professor Sinan Aral says, that we recognize the outsize effect social media has on us—on our politics, our economy, and even our personal health—in order to steer today’s social technology toward its great promise while avoiding the ways it can pull us apart. Drawing on decades of his own research and business experience, Aral goes under the hood of the most powerful social networks to tackle the critical question of just how much social media actually shapes our choices, for better or worse. He shows how the tech behind social media offers the same set of behavior influencing levers to everyone who hopes to change the way we think and act—from Russian hackers to brand marketers—which is why its consequences affect everything from elections to business, dating to health. Along the way, he covers a wide array of topics, including how network effects fuel Twitter’s and Facebook’s massive growth, the neuroscience of how social media affects our brains, the real consequences of fake news, the power of social ratings, and the impact of social media on our kids. In mapping out strategies for being more thoughtful consumers of social media, The Hype Machine offers the definitive guide to understanding and harnessing for good the technology that has redefined our world overnight.

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume III

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume III PDF Book Detail Author: Pablo Lorenzano
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848263252
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 394

Book Description
History and Philosophy of Science and Technology is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on History and Philosophy of Science and Technology in four volumes covers several topics such as: Introduction to the Philosophy of Science; The Nature and Structure of Scientific Theories Natural Science; A Short History of Molecular Biology; The Structure of the Darwinian Argument In The Origin of Species; History of Measurement Theory; Episodes of XX Century Cosmology: A Historical Approach; Philosophy of Economics; Social Sciences: Historical And Philosophical Overview of Methods And Goals; Introduction to Ethics of Science and Technology; The Ethics of Science and Technology; The Control of Nature and the Origins of The Dichotomy Between Fact And Value; Science and Empires: The Geo-Epistemic Location of Knowledge; Science and Religion; Scientific Knowledge and Religious Knowledge - Significant Epistemological Reference Points; Thing Called Philosophy of Technology; Transitions from Function-Oriented To Effect-Oriented Technologies. Some Thought on the Nature of Modern Technology; Technical Agency and Sources of Technological Pessimism These four volumes are aimed at a broad spectrum of audiences: University and College Students, Educators and Research Personnel.

Decision Science for Future Earth

Decision Science for Future Earth PDF Book Detail Author: Tetsukazu Yahara
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811586322
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 251

Book Description
This open access book provides a theoretical framework and case studies on decision science for regional sustainability by integrating the natural and social sciences. The cases discussed include solution-oriented transdisciplinary studies on the environment, disasters, health, governance and human cooperation. Based on these case studies and comprehensive reviews of relevant works, including lessons learned from past failures for predictable surprises and successes in adaptive co-management, the book provides the reader with new perspectives on how we can co-design collaborative projects with various conflicts of interest and how we can transform our society for a sustainable future. The book makes a valuable contribution to the global research initiative Future Earth, promoting transdisciplinary studies to bridge the gap between science and society in knowledge generation processes and supporting efforts to achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Compared to other publications on transdisciplinary studies, this book is unique in that evolutionary biology is used as an integrator for various areas related to human decision-making, and approaches social changes as processes of adaptive learning and evolution. Given its scope, the book is highly recommended to all readers seeking an integrated overview of human decision-making in the context of social transformation.

The Social Studies in General Education

The Social Studies in General Education PDF Book Detail Author: American Education Fellowship. Commission on the Secondary School Curriculum, Committee on the Function of the Social Studies in General Education
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Adolescence
Languages : en
Pages : 401

Book Description